Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 The Spartina Control Program
1.2 Purpose and Need
1.3 Purpose and Use of This EIS/R
1.4 Document Organization

2.0 PROGRAM ALTERNATIVES
2.1 Development of Alternatives for Evaluation
2.2 Description of Alternatives
2.3 Alternatives and Treatment Methods Considered and Eliminated from Further Evaluation

3.0 ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING, IMPACTS, AND MITIGATION MEASURES
3.1 Geomorphology and Hydrology
3.2 Water Quality
3.3 Biological Resources
3.4 Air Quality
3.5 Noise
3.6 Human Health and Safety
3.7 Visual Resources
3.8 Land Use
3.9 Cultural Resources
3.10 Socioeconomics
3.11 Environmental Justice
3.12 Cumulative Impacts

4.0 EVALUATION OF PROJECT ALTERNATIVES
4.1 Comparison of Alternatives
4.2 NEPA Environmentally Preferred Alternative
4.3 CEQA Environmentally Superior Alternative
4.4 Unavoidable Significant Adverse Impacts

5.0 ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
5.1 Applicable Federal Laws, Regulations, Executive Orders, and Approvals
5.2 Applicable State Laws, Regulations, and Policies
5.3 Regional Plans and Policies
5.4 Local Laws, Regulations, and Permits
5.5 Agency Jurisdiction and Project Approvals

6.0 PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT
6.1 Public Concerns
6.2 List of Document Recipients

7.0 LIST OF PREPARERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
7.1 California Coastal Conservancy
7.2 US Fish and Wildlife Service
7.3 Technical Consultants

8.0 DEFINITIONS

9.0 REFERENCES
9.1 Personal Communications
9.2 Bibliography

APPENDICES
A. Notice of Intent
B. Notice of Preparation
C. CEQA Initial Study
D. NOP/NOI Public Comment Letters
E. Herbicide and Surfactant Information
F. Sensitive Species Table
G. Best Management Practices for the California Clapper Rail
H. List of Document Recipients
I. ISP First-Year Pilot and Demonstration Projects

FIGURES
1-1 Spartina Control Program Region. 1-3
1-2 Components of the San Francisco Estuary Invasive Spartina Project. 1-5
1-3 Cordgrass Species. 1-13
1-4 Distribution of Non-native Cordgrass in San Francisco Estuary. 1-19
1-5 Effects of Non-Native Cordgrass on the san Francisco Estuary 1-21
1-6 California Shoreline with Estuaries North and South of San Francisco Bay. 1-28
1-7 Typical San Francisco Estuary Habitats Invaded by Atlantic Smooth
Cordgrass 1-29
2-1 Examples of Methods that May be Used to Control Non-native Cordgrass 2-3
2-2 Examples of Options for Combining Treatment Methods 2-19
2-3 Number of Minus tide Events in 2003 with Peak and Potential California Clapper Rail Nesting and Fledging Periods 2-20
3.2-1 Locations and Mean Discharges for Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants in South San Francisco Bay. 3.2-2
3.3-1 California Clapper Rail Presence/Absence Relative to Non-native Cordgrass 3.3-9
3.3-2 Conceptual Model of Possible Exposure of Biological Organisms to Herbicide Mixtures 3.3-26
3.7-1 Changes in Views Associated with Herbicide Use 3.7-3
3.7-2  Changes in Views Associated with Herbicide Use and Mechanical Mowing 3.7-5
3.7-3 Changes in Views Associated with with Covering and Native Plant Recovery. 3.7-7

TABLES
S-1 Alternatives Analyzed in this EIS/R S-3
S-2 Comparison of Impacts of Project Alternatives S-7
1-1 Net and Gross Area Invaded by Non-native Cordgrass Species (2000-2001) 1-17
1-2 Net Area in Acreage of Non-native Cordgrass Species by Bay Subregion (2000-2001) 1-17
2-1 Summary of Proposed Treatment Methods 2-13
2-2 Glyphosphate Herbicide Component Concentrations and Application Rates 2-17

3-1 Baseline and Post-Project Conditions 3.0-2
3.1-1 Summary of Potential Hydrologic and Geomorphic Effects 3.1-13
3.1-2 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Hydrology and Geomorphology. 3.1-15
3.2-1 Dissolved Concentrations of Trace Metals in Water Samples. 3.2-5
3.2-2 Total Concentrations of Trace Metals in Water Samples 3.2-5
3.2-3 Ranges of Trace Pollutants in San Francisco Bay Sediments 3.2-6
3.2-4 Beneficial Uses of Waters of the San Francisco Estuary 3.2-7
3.2-5 Water Quality Criteria for Selected Constituents 3.2-8
3.2-6 Summary of Potential Water Quality Effects. 3.2-16
3.2-7 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Water Quality 3.2-17
3.3-1 Summary of Potential Biological Resources Effects. 3.3-50
3.3-2 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Biological Resources. 3.3-67
3.4-1 State and National Standards for Selected Criteria Pollutants, and Measured Air Pollutant Concentrations in the San Francisco Bay Area 3.4-2
3.4-2 Summary of Potential Air Quality Effects. 3.4-8
3.4-3 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Air Quality 3.4-10
3.5-1 Technical Terms for Noise. 3.5-2
3.5-2 Representative Outdoor and Indoor Noise Levels (in Units of dBA) 3.5-3
3.5-3 Summary of Potential Noise Effects. 3.5-8
3.5-4 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Noise. 3.5-9
3.6-1 Summary of Potential Human Health and Safety Effects 3.6-9
3.6-2 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Human Health and Safety. 3.6-11
3.7-1 Summary of Potential Visual Resources Effects 3.7-11
3.8-1 Summary of Potential Land Use Effects. 3.8-5
3.9-1 Summary of Potential Cultural Resources Effects. 3.9-8
3.9-2 Summary of Mitigation Measures for Cultural Resources. 3.9-9
3.10-1 Distribution of Jobs in San Francisco Bay Area Counties 3.10-1

4-1 Description of Project Alternatives Considered in This EIS/R. 4-1
5.5-1  Agency Jurisdiction and Project Approvals 5-13